Galapagos Species Database

The Galapagos Species Database shares the information about the species from our Natural History Collections.

Mimus trifasciatus Gould, 1837

Cucuve de Floreana, Floreana Mockingbird

Photo: Luis Ortiz Catedral, CDF.
Photo: Luis Ortiz Catedral, CDF.

Threats Rats remain a threat. The birds of Gardner and Champion have not yet been exposed to diseases and may be particularly vulnerable. Pox affects other mockingbirds but has not been found on the islets. Philornis downsi is present in nests on Gardner and Champion but at low levels.










Taxon category: Accepted

Syn.: Nesomimus trifasciatus Gould, 1837

Taxon origin: Endemic




Preference for an altitude zone in Galapagos: Coastal zone - transition zone

Habitat preferences: At present, mockingbirds inhabit coastal lowland shrub vegetation dominated by Croton scouleri, Cordia lutea, Jasminocereus thouarsii, Parkinsonia aculeata and Opuntia megasperma. However, this not only reflects species preference but also the habitats available on the islets.

Feeding type: Polyphagous

Arthropods, lizards and fruits

Feeding preferences: Feeding on ground arthropods, such as centipedes, crabs and lizards, but also observed eating a wide variety of fleshy fruits.

Trophic role: Omnivorous

Reproduction mode: Exclusively sexual

Reproductive biology: Breeding occurs mostly around October-May, peaking in February. The clutch is usually composed of 3-4 pale blue eggs. Floreana mockingbirds build several nests before laying eggs and field observations indicate that genetically related and possibly unrelated helpers assist with this task.

Distribution origin: In common with all other Mimus, this species is closely related to species from North America and the Caribbean, rather than species from South America, indicating long distance dispersal.


Distribution: Present on Champion and Gardner by Floreana Islet. Extinct on Floreana Island since 1880s. Current population estimate is around 750 individuals among which 70 are on Champion islet. There is a strong annual variability in population size.


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You are welcome to download and use the information found in this page, acknowledging the origin of the data.
This page should be cited as follows:
"Galapagos Species Database, Mimus trifasciatus", dataZone. Charles Darwin Foundation, Accessed 25 May 2024.