Galapagos Species Database

The Galapagos Species Database shares the information about the species from our Natural History Collections.

Conolophus subcristatus Gray, 1831

Iguana terrestre de Galápagos, Galapagos Land Iguana

Adult male of Conolophus subcristatus. Photo: Sofia Green, CDF.
Adult male of Conolophus subcristatus. Photo: Sofia Green, CDF.










Taxon category: Accepted

Taxon origin: Endemic




Distribution: Recorded on Baltra, Seymour, Santa Cruz, Isabela (not on Cerro Azul), Fernandina, Plazas. Extinct on Santiago Island in the 19th century.


  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. Milstead, B., Márquez, C., Zabala, J., Buitrón, P., Llerena, A., et al. (2007) Galapagos vertebrates: endangered status and conservation actions. Galapagos Report 2006–2007. Charles Darwin Foundation, Puerto Ayora, p. 104–110.
  • Carrillo, E. Aldás, S., Altamirano, M.A., Ayala-Varela, F., Cisneros-Heredia, D.F., Endara, A., Márquez, C., Morales, M., Nogales-Sornosa, F., Salvador, P., Torres, M.L., Valencia, J., Villamarín-Jurado, F., Yánez-Muñoz, M.H. & Zárate, P. (2005) Lista Roja de los Reptiles del Ecuador. Fundación Novum Milenium, UICN-Sur, UICN-Comité Ecuatoriano, Ministerio de Educación y Cultura, Serie Proyecto PEEPE. Quito, 46 pp.
  • Smith, E.A. (1877) Mollusca. In: Günther, A.: Account of the zoological collections made during the visit of H.M.S. "Petrel" to the Galapagos Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (1877): 69-73, 91-93.
  • Heller, E. (1903) Reptiles. In Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos Expedition 1898-1899. Proceedings of the Washington Academy Sciences 5: 39-98.
  • Slevin, J.R. (1935) An account of the reptiles inhabiting the Galápagos Islands. Bulletin New York Zoological Society 38: 1-24.
  • Van Denburgh, J. Slevin, J.R. (1913) The Galapagoan lizards of the genus Tropidurus, with notes on the iguanas of the genera Conolophus and Amblyrhynchus. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 2(1): 133-202, pls. 8-11.
  • Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. (2007) CS/ECU/2006/168 Estudio biologico en Santa rosa y en El Camote, Isla Santa Cruz y en Isla Baltra, previo a la colocacion del Parque Eolico. Informe técnico final para la Fundación Charles Darwin y Servicio Parque Nacional Galápagos, 43 pp.
  • Bisconti, M. Landini, W., Bianucci, G., Cantalamessa, G., Carnevale, G. Ragaini, L. & Valleri, G. (2001) Biogeographic relationships of the Galapagos terrestrial biota: parsimony analyses of endemicity based on reptiles, land birds and Scalesia land plants. J. Biogeogr. 28: 495-510.
  • Blake, S. Wikelski, M., Cabrera, F., Guézou, A., Silva, M., Sadeghayobi, E., Yackulik, C. & Jaramillo, P. (2011) Gardeners of Galapagos? Seed dispersal by giant tortoises. Journal of Biogeography (submission): 1-41.
  • Hong, P.Y. Wheeler, E., Cann, I.KO., Mackie, R.I. (2011) Phylogenetic analysis of the fecal microbial community in herbivorous land and marine iguanas of the Galápagos Islands using 16S rRNA-based pyrosequencing The ISME Journal 5:1461-1470.
  • Arteaga, A. Bustamante, L., Vierira, J., Tapia, W., Guayasamin, J.M. (2019) Reptiles of the Galapagos Life on the Enchanted Islands Tropical Herping
You are welcome to download and use the information found in this page, acknowledging the origin of the data.
This page should be cited as follows:
"Galapagos Species Database, Conolophus subcristatus", dataZone. Charles Darwin Foundation, Accessed 16 July 2024.