Galapagos Species Database

The Galapagos Species Database shares the information about the species from our Natural History Collections.

Cedrela odorata L.

cedro cubano, cedro, cedro amargo, cedro caoba, spanish cedar, tabasco cedar, cigar-box ceda

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Photo: .

Spanish cedar is a tall timber tree that can reach 30m in height. Flowers have small yellow petals and are clustered in long groups.

C. odorata is a tall timber tree that can reach 30m in height. Individuals begin to bear fruit from 10 years of age. The flowers are small yellow petals clustered in long groups. The fruit is a capsule that opens when mature, releasing the winged seeds that are dispersed by wind over long distances.





Magnoliopsida (= Dicotyledoneae)





Taxon category: Accepted

Syn.: Cedrela mexicana M. Roem.; Pennington et al. (1981) as Cedrela adenophylla Mart.

Taxon origin: Introduced - established


Trophic role: Primary producer

Reproductive biology: Individuals begin to bear fruit from 10 years of age. The fruit is a capsule that opens when mature, releasing the winged seeds that are dispersed by wind over long distances.

Growth form: Trees

Distribution origin: Central Mexico, Brazil

Dispersal propagule: Seed

Economic Use: Used for timber.


Mode of introduction: Intentional

Introduction Pathway: Intentional

Subpathway: Agriculture/Horticulture

Introduced status: Naturalized

Invasive status: Invasive

Impact in Galapagos: In Galapagos the tree is very invasive. The seedlings are shade tolerant and grow up through the native canopy where adults shade out other plants. Chemicals produced from their roots also inhibit the growth of other plants (allelopathy).

Control methods elsewhere: The seedlings should be pulled manually, while adults can be cut and the sprouts controlled with chemicals. 

Known Pest elsewhere: Tropics and Pacific Islands

Year of first record: 1965

Year of introduction: 1950


Map of specimen collection localities or observation records for this species in our collections database.

Distribution: Floreana, Isabela, San Cristobal, Santa Cruz, originally from Central Mexico, Brazil.


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